Update Jan. 7th: thanks to Wouter Gerritsma via the GOAL open access list for info on the healthy growth of OA in the Netherlands, from 270 thousand OA publications in Narcis in 2011 to 365 thousand in 2013. Congratulations to Narcis and Netherlands OA!
Back to everyone involved in making open access happen:
That's a lot of people. As this chart illustrating the growth of authors participating in the Social Sciences Research Network shows, there are now close to a quarter of a million authors participating in just this one open access initiative, with 66,000 authors signing on in the past two years.
The Directory of Open Access Journals continues to add titles at the remarkable rate of 3.5 journals per day, a feat made all the more remarkable by the DOAJ's vigorous weeding project which leaves the total about 200 titles less than on Dec. 11th!
DOAJ is about more than a vetted title list, though; it's also a search engine for articles in the repositories. This chart shows that the growth in the fully open access journals listed in DOAJ is at the article level, not just the journal level, with the number of searchable articles growing from under 200,000 in 2004 to close to 1.6 million today.
Every day repository services OpenDOAR and the Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) add a new repository, and BASE grows by about 45,000 documents per day. The Internet Archive (IA) continues to amaze, with over 374 billion webpages archived - and it's good to see that IA is over the top for their fundraising to replace a server destroyed by fire (but more donations to this and many other OA services are always welcome, of course).
This is the first open source issue of The Dramatic Growth of Open Access. To facilitate re-use of the data source files by anyone:
- the data files are available in open document and csv format (proprietary software not required for downloading). The table below illustrates the show growth file.
- the license has been removed, and replaced by some notes are appropriate attribution and "licensing" for this kind of work, as follows:
If you are using the data for scholarly purposes, you should cite your source. This is not a copyright issue, it's a question of appropriate scholarly practice. Using this data in a scholarly work without citing the source would constitute plagiarism, a serious offense in academia which can cost students their degrees and scholars their jobs. Aside from the question of plagiarism, when writing scholarly works you should point to your sources so that readers can look up the data themselves. There is no need for copyright! If you are using the data for the purposes of promoting open access, attribution is welcome and encouraged, but please use your judgement. If you're using a few figures on an open access poster or presentation, don't let attribution take away from the effectiveness of your presentation.
My hope is that this small step will encourage all of us in the open access movement to move away from our hard critical approaches to move to a new era of open discussion on the nuances of best practices to transition to open access. While I remain firmly opposed to what I consider the overly simplistic and dangerous perspective equating the Creative Commons CC-BY license with open access, I see the value of open sharing of data and would welcome a discussion about how to make this happen.
(In google docs for now, will be posted to my institutional repository when this service is available):
2013 dramatic growth.ods: figures and annual growth (as shown below)
csv format: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5n66wofwO7aQWNMMndQb1k1dG8/edit?usp=sharing
Full data edition
Open document format https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5n66wofwO7aTUhvYkVwcTJxTFU/edit?usp=sharing
csv format https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B5n66wofwO7aYm81b2hPSGxZVWM/edit?usp=sharing
This post is part of the Dramatic Growth of Open Access series.
|Dec. 31, 2013||Annual growth (number)||Annual growth (percentage)||Plain language growth explanation|
|Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) http://www.doaj.org/|
|# of DOAJ journals||9,804||1,285||15%||3.5 journals per day|
|# of titles added last 30 days (DOAJ)|
|# of countries (added March 31, 2013) (DOAJ)||124||124|
|# of journals searchable at article level (DOAJ)||5,636||1,389||33%|
|# of articles searchable at article level (DOAJ)||1,573,847||618,127||65%||1,700 articles per day|
|Directory of Open Access Books http://www.doabooks.org/|
|# of academic peer-reviewed books (DOAB)||1,619||360||29%||1 book per day|
|# publishers (DOAB)||54||19||54%||1.5 publishers per month|
|Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliotek - Electronic Journals Library # journals that can be read free of charge http://rzblx1.uni-regensburg.de/ezeit/index.phtml?bibid=AAAAA&colors=7&lang=en||43,498||5,693||15%||16 journals per day|
|Highwire Press Free Online Fulltext Articles http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl|
|# free articles (Highwire)||2,328,293||176,873||8%||485 articles per day|
|total # articles (Highwire)||7,251,816||512,693||8%|
|Highwire Completely Free Sites||89||26||41%|
|Sites with free back issues (Highwire)||279||-7||-2%|
|Open DOAR http://www.opendoar.org/|
|OpenDOAR # repositories||2,553||300||13%||1 repository per day|
|Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) http://roar.eprints.org/ # repositories||3,565||225||7%|
|BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine http://www.base-search.net/|
|# of documents (BASE)||56,716,421||16,209,516||40%||45,000 documents per day|
|# of content providers (BASE)||2,788||371||15%||1 new content provider per day|
|# items Dec. 2011 - posted on PMC website(from ROAR) 100% fulltext - for historical purposes - for more accurate data, see PMC Free tab||2,900,000||300,000||12%||over 800 items per day|
|# journals actively participating in PMC (total minus predecessor minus no new content)||1,690||226||15%|
|# journals in PMC with immediate free access||1,188||162||16%|
|# journals in PMC with all articles open access||1,021||128||14%|
|# journals in PMC with some articles open access||287||40||16%|
|# journals that deposit ALL articles in PMC (from PMC website - full participation journals)||1,394||195||16%|
|# journals that deposit NIH-funded articles in PMC (from PMC website - NIH portfolio journals)||273||28||11%|
|# journals that deposit selected articles in PMC (from PMC website)||2,414||496||26%|
|arXiv http://arxiv.org/||902,669||92,820||11%||250 items per day|
|RePEC http://repec.org/ total items (from LogEC as of March 2012) (Sept. 2013 note)||1,481,968|
|RePEC online (fulltext) (downloadable as of March 2012)||1,341,432|
|Social Sciences Research Network http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/DisplayAbstractSearch.cfm|
|Full text papers (SSRN)||428,336||55,564||15%||150 papers per day|
|Papers received in last 12 months (SSRN)||66,368||-1,399||-2%|
|Paper downloads - to date (SSRN)||71,902,968||10,911,825||18%|
|Paper downloads - last 12 months (SSRN)||10,910,691||143,001||1%|
|Paper downloads - last 30 days (SSRN)||778,301||-63,098||-7%|
|Open Access Mandate Policies ROARMAP http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/|
|Sub-Institutional (was Departmental) Policies (ROARMAP)||43||9||26%|
|Funder Policies (ROARMAP)||83||29||54%|
|Institutional Policies (ROARMAP)||191||28||17%|
|Multi-institutional Policies (ROARMAP)||5||1||25%|
|Thesis Policies (ROARMAP)||107||9||9%|
|Total Policies (ROARMAP)||429||76||22%||1.5 policies per week|
|Proposed Mandates Policies (ROARMAP)||27||4||17%|
|Internet Archive http://archive.org/index.php|
|Webpages (Internet Archive)||374,000,000||374,000,000|
|Moving images (movies) (Internet Archive)||1,499,311||388,433||35%|
|Live music archive (concerts) (Internet Archive)||123,522||13,074||12%|
|Audio (recordings) (Internet Archive)||1,818,913||344,157||23%|
|Texts (Internet Archive)||5,668,948||1,887,806||50%||5,000 texts per day|